Zapoteco de San Dionisio Ocotepec – Ingles


r


r-uny zi /ùùny+zíí / v pretend to (do something) fingir Runyzi Juany r-uny(-bi) dziny. Juan pretends to work. Juan finge en trabajar (cf: zi /zíí/. )
r-uny yach /ùùny+yáátʃ / v be boastful; be pretentious presumir Runyyach-bi He is boastful. El presume. der. r-unyyachne be proud of be boastful about (cf: yach /yáátʃ/ stingy unwilling to share selfish. )
r-uny ya'n /ùùny+yá'n / v take care of mantener Beny-du'uxh Mari te parr gunyya'n-bi re-xi'ny-bi Maria worked hard to take care of her children. Maria trabajó mucho para mantener a sus hijos.
r-uny xhigab /ùùny ʃígààb / v think pensar Juany cayuny xhigab Juan is thinking Juan está pensando. Caby-bi guny-za'c-bi xhigab calo gye'n-bi. He still hasn't thought carefully about where he will stay. Todavía no ha pensado bien a donde se va a quedar. (r-uny do make, xhigab think) (cf: xhigab /ʃígààb/ think. )
r-uny tucar /ùùny tùkáàʰrr / v have it be (someone's) turn to (do something) tocar a (alguien) a (hacer algo) Juany r-uny tocar g-u'ld(-bi). It's Juan's turn to sing. ‘A Juan le toca cantar.’
r-uny riz /ùùny rrííz / v risk arriesgar Runy Juany rriez xmel-ni' Juan risks his money. Juan arriesga su dinero (riz risk, r-uny do make) (cf: riz /rrííz/ risk. )
r-uny pwest /ùùny pwèèst / v bet apostar Runy Juany pwest ga'i dolar. Juan bets five dollars. Juan apuesta cinco dolares.
r-uny pur /ùùny pùùrr / v try tratar Runy Mari purr g-u'ld gitarry Mary tries to play the guitar Maria trata de tocar la guitarra B-eny Juany purr ny-u'ld(-bi). Juan tried to sing. Juan trató de cantar.
r-uny promes /ùùny pròméès / v promise prometer Runy Juany promes i-de'dy liebrr lo Mari. Juan promises to give the book to Maria Juan promete dar el libro a Maria.
r-uny loc /r-ùùny+lòòk / v make crazy, make high hacer loco, volver loco Cayuny loc marijuan le'by The marijuana is making him high. La marijuana le está volviendo loco. (sem. domains: 5.2.5Narcotic |Nartcóticos.) (r-uny do make)
r-uny lo /ùùny+lòò / v remove kernels from (corn) desgranar Cayunylo Juany xob Juan is removing kernels from the corn. Juan está desgranando el maíz
r-uny lde' /ùùny+ldè' / v bless bendecir (sem. domains: non-projnon-proj.) (cf: r-uny /ùùny/ do make. )
r-uny lac /ùùny+láʰk / v boast (about something) presumir Runylac Juany cun x-carr-bi Juan boasts about his car Juan presume con su carro.
r-uny gyud /ùùny gyúùd / v help ayudar Rca'z-bi g-un-bi gyud x-miegw-bi. He wants to help his friend El quiere ayudar a su amigo.
r-uny gust /ùùny+gúúst / v like gustarle Runygust Juany cafe. Juan likes coffee. A Juan le gusta el cafe.
r-uny guant /ùùny guáànt / v endure; survive sobrevivir
r-uny gan /ùùny gáàn / v 1be able; can poder Runy-a gan r-u'ld-a gitarry. I can play the guitar. Puedo tocar la guitarra. 2succeed (in doing something); occur lograr
r-uny cuent /ùùny kwèènt / v take account of tomar en cuento ity runy-rab cuent They ignore it. No lo toman en cuento.
r-uny crew /ùùny krèw / v believe in (something religious) creer en (algo religioso) Runy Mari crew Dyos. Maria believes in God. Maria cree en Dios.
r-uny che' /ùùny+tʃè' / v prepare; make preparar; hacer Ca-ya' Mari r-unche'(-eby) xhrobginyyaxh ‘Maria is accustomed to prepare guacamole. Maria se acostumbre a hacer guacamole
r-uny bni /ùùny+bníí / v broadcast (seeds); plant (seeds); scatter (seeds) sembrar B-enybni-bý be'z gi't He scattered pumpkin seeds. El sembró semillas de calabaza. (sem. domains: non-projnon-proj.) (r-uny do make) (cf: r-uny /ùùny/ do make. )
r-uny be' /ùùny+bè' / v 1recognize reconocer Runybe' Juany xi'ny-ni' Juan recognizes his son. Juan reconoce a su hijo. (sem. domains: 3.2.6.2Recognize |Reconocer, non-projnon-proj.) 2know conocer Guiyunbe' Juany le'n siuda Juan got to know the city. Juan fué a conocer en la ciudad (sem. domains: 3.2.3Know |Saber.) (cf: r-uny /ùùny/ do make. )
r-uny /ùùny / v 1do 2make hacer (var. irreg. infl. , beny did ) [com. bèèny][pot. g- ]r-uny bni broadcast (seeds) scatter (seeds) plant (seeds) , r-uny loc make crazy, make high , r-uny xhigab think (cf: eny /éèny/ do(irreg. stem); cf: r-uny bni /ùùny+bníí/ broadcast (seeds) scatter (seeds) plant (seeds); cf: r-uny be' /ùùny+bè'/ know; recognize; cf: r-uny lde' /ùùny+ldè'/ bless. )
r-uchna' /ùtʃnà' / v marry casarse Ruchna'-xga-reby despues de ni-ruchna'-reby zac giney-rab bni' dxa'p, pero antes xte' mo'd. ‘First they marry; after they marry, they can move the bride, but not before.’ Primero se casan; despues de que se casan, se pueden llevar a la novia, pero antes no.’ (sem. domains: 2.6.1Marriage |Matrimonio.) [com. bìchnàà]
r-uch /ùʰtʃ / v wash one's hair or head lavar el pelo o cabeza Ruch Juany Juan washes his head/hair. Juan se lava el cabello/la cabeza. (sem. domains: 5.6.2Bathe |Bañar.) [com. bìjch][pot. gúúch ](Related to: r-gu'ch /gù'tʃ/ wash the hair/head (of another person). )